The Government is under pressure to explain why it let Bermuda become the first country in the world to repeal same-sex marriage laws.
The legislation was voted through by the island’s government and signed into law by its British diplomat governor, John Rankin. It reverses a British Supreme Court ruling last year which legalised marriages for all couples. Bermuda will now restrict them to civil partnerships.
The island’s home affairs minister, Walton Brown, said the new legislation would balance opposition to same-sex marriage on the socially conservative island with European court rulings that require recognition and protection for same-sex couples.
It is the first time any country in the world has voted to reverse a legal decision allowing gay couples to marry.
While the ruling is expected to affect only a handful of couples on the 60,000-inhabitant island, it has been seen as a symbol that LGBT rights are in retreat in some parts of the world.
The Foreign Office was forced to explain why it had allowed a British overseas territory to make a decision that runs contrary to the UK position.
Asked why the Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson had approved the move, Harriet Baldwin, a junior foreign office minister, said the Government was “obviously disappointed” with the repeal of the law but felt it had no choice.
“After full and careful consideration in regard to Bermuda’s constitutional and international obligations, the secretary of state decided that in these circumstances it would not be appropriate to use this power to block legislation, which can only be used where there is a legal or constitutional basis for doing so, and even then only in exceptional circumstances.”
It is a far cry from 2013 when former prime minister David Cameron spoke of his pride at legalising same sex marriage in the UK and said he wanted to “export” same sex marriage around the world so other countries could follow suit.
Baldwin went on to say that the ministers had limited powers over British overseas territories, which were “separate, self-governing jurisdictions with their own democratically elected representatives that have the right to self-government”.
This response drew a sharp rebuke from the opposition and even some in her own party.
For @BorisJohnson to allow Bermuda%u2019s decision to repeal same sex marriage is a source of great shame. Bermuda has a deep-rooted history of oppression, segregation & discrimination of Black people. Their Govt's vote to take away the rights of LGBTQ minorities fills me with despair pic.twitter.com/v3N0aSk3qW
— David Lammy (@DavidLammy) February 8, 2018
Labour’s Chris Bryant said: “However the Government tries to dress this up, it is a backward step for human rights in Bermuda, and in the overseas territories.”
So @BorisJohnson has granted permission to Bermuda to abolish same sex marriage. This totally undermines UK effort to advance LGBT rights.
— Chris Bryant (@RhonddaBryant) February 7, 2018
He said the change would undermine the UK’s ability to instruct foreign governments on the importance of LGBT rights and asked if it might even serve a precedent for other countries to repeal same-sex marriage laws.
The Guardian notes that one knock-on effect of the ruling is that Cunard and P&O ships registered in Bermuda can no longer hold same-sex marriages at sea.